雅思阅读信号词备考解读

雅思阅读最大的特点就是找寻细节,谜底尽正在原文中,只需通过题干中的环节词定位到文中具体的区域,就能霸占各大细节题.然而,大量的同义转述,以及谜底深条理暗藏的阅读文章形成了考生们即便弄清题干意义,确认环节词,也无法成功地定位到谜底所正在的响应细节.其实,文章中存正在的一些信号词也是解答标题问题的环节.‘signal words’, 就像是大海航行中的忽明忽暗的信号指示灯,指引着船只前行.同样,阅读文章时,对这些具有指示意义的信号词要多加敏感,由于很有可能谜底就正在附近.

雅思阅读中的特殊信号词

特殊的信号词,就是那些很容易识此外词,如大写字母开首的人名,地名,专出名词,以及特殊印刷体和黑体,这些词正在英语文章中显得尤为凸起,往往也是题干中环节词的原词定位.

例如 ‘the US Congress voted NASA $10 million per year for ten years to conduct a thorough search for the extra-terrestrial life’ 这句话,呈现了US Congress, NASA 专出名词信号词,极有可能成为定位的讯息.简直,判断题型中有一题‘the NASA project attracted criticism from some members of Congress.’ 就是按照这两个信号词切确地回到原订婚位.

雅思阅读中的通俗信号词

雅思阅读做为一项专业的言语程度测试,当然不克不及只依托容易识此外特殊信号词,文章中的通俗信号词对于解题可谓是功不成没.

1)表缘由的信号词

例如reason, cause, since, in that, as, because, thanks to, owing to, 注释申明某一事物或事务,雅思听力考试五大特点介绍往往会包含主要消息.如‘since the lifetime of a planet like ours is several billion years, we can expect that...’ 该句是之后简答题‘what is the life expectancy of Earth’ 的谜底消息来历,若是考生只定位Earth, 那就很有可能失分,由于原句对Earth 做了同义替代的表述,而since这个信号词则提醒了谜底所正在的处所.

2)表结论的信号词

例如 thus, therefore, so, hence, consequently, as a result, 这些词往往是对前面所阐述的总结归纳,例如 ‘Tortoises therefore represent a remarkable double return’, 该句呈现正在整篇文章的末段首句,很较着是对前文的总结归纳综合,高度浓缩了消息.最初的宗旨选择题,就是对该句的改写:‘they have made the transition from sea to land more than once’.

3)表转机的信号词

例如however, but, by comparison, nonetheless, nevertheless,这些词往往暗示文章概念或标的目的的严沉改变,沉点该当关心信号词后面的内容.如‘this definition implies that iconoclasts are different from other people, but more precisely, it is their brains that are different in three distinct ways’, 前半句指出iconoclasts异于常人,用but转机词,强调指出区此外环节处所.这也是选择题‘iconoclasts are distinctive because...’ 的出题标的目的.

4)表让步的信号词

例如although, though, while, whereas, whilst等毗连的句子,后半句才雅思频道为列位考生拾掇了雅思阅读中的语法复习浅谈,供考生们参考利用,更多雅思教导请继续关心雅思频道.是引出的话题和强调内容. 如‘He accurately predicted that Venus would cross the face of the Sun in both 1761 and 1769--though he didn’t survive to see either’, 前半句讲述他切确预测金星逾越太阳的两次时间,后半句用though引出让步内容,他没有看到任何一次.判断题中‘Halley observed one transit of the planet Venus’次要就是以原订婚位句的后半句为判断根据.

5)表举例的信号词

例如for example, for instance, that is to say, such as, include, 后面引出具体事物的细致例子,同时原文中破折号和冒号也有殊途同归之妙,对前面的内容弥补申明.如‘in other worlds, the life form we are looking for may well have two green heads and seven fingers, but it will nevertheless resemble us in that it should communicate with its fellows, be interested in the Universe, live on a planet orbiting a star like our Sun, and perhaps most restrictively, have a chemistry, like us, based on carbon and water.’ 整句话都正在注释申明该段的第二个假设‘we are looking for a life form that is pretty well like us’, 所举的例子也是判断题‘SETI scientists are trying to find a life form that resembles humans in many ways’ 的判断根据.

6)表挨次的信号词

例如first, second, finally, eventually, later, then, next等,表现出文章内容的逻辑性取成长性.如‘In discussing whether we are alone, most SETI scientists adopt two ground rules. First,...Second...’, 利用first 和second这两个序数词,清晰逻辑地讲述了两个主要的假设.这两个信号词,也是这篇文章heading题型段落大意的沉点提醒.

7)表比力级和第一流的信号词

例如more, most, -est, best, better,exclusively, extremely, superior, preferable,暗示事物之间的比力,也是文章要强调的处所.如‘one part is a targeted search using the world’s largest radio telescopes, the American-operated telescope’, 该句的the world’s largest radio telescopes 对应了标题问题中the world’s most powerful radio telescopes,谜底消息就正在这里.

今天的为大师带来的内容到这里就全数竣事了,但愿大师能好好的操纵今天的内容,预祝大师正在雅思虑试傍边取得好成就.

 

相关链接:

·雅思口语常见句型结构解析

·雅思写作素材:knowledgevs.training

·雅思高分学员:在新东方真的很放心

·提高雅思听力水平的切入点分析

·2015年1月29日湖北大学雅思口语安排通知

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