雅思阅读技巧:情态动词

Part I:单词与短语

 

aunt n.姑妈、姨妈、伯母等;actress n.女演员;at least至少;in spite of不管,虽然;appear v.出现,露面;看上去,显得;on the stage在舞台上;a girl of 18 一个18岁的女孩子;in a bright red dress穿着一身鲜红色的衣服;in long black stockings 穿着黑色长袜;wear short socks 穿着短袜;a bright orange-colored dress一件橘黄色的衣服;darling (昵称)宝贝;terrible adj.糟糕的,可怕的;grown up长大的

 

Part II:语法学习

 

情态动词must与have to

 

概念解释:所谓情态动词就是可以表达一定情感色彩的助动词,这里先行介绍的是must与have to。在表示主观上感到必须去做什么事情时,用must;在表示客观上就必须那么做时,用have to。have to的过去时是had to;must的过去时也是had to。must经常用来表示对某种情况的判断。

 

示例1:She must be at least 35 years old.(表示判断)

 

示例2:Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon.(表示客观上的必须)

 

示例3:In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings.(表示主观上的必须)

 

示例4:Last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright orange-colored dress.(must的过去时)

 

示例5:Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up.(表示判断)

 

Part III:综合训练

 

My aunt, Jennifer, is an (1 actor). She must (2) at least 35 years old. (3) spite of this, she often (4 appear) (5) the stage (6) a young girl. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon. This time, she will be a girl (7) 17. (8) the play, she must appear (9) a bright red dress and long black stockings. Last year (10) another play, she (11) to wear short socks (12) a bright orange-colored dress. (13) someone ever asked her (14) old she is, she always answers, ‘Darling, it must be terrible to (15) grown up!’

 

答案:

 

(1) actress; (2) be; (3) In; (4) appears; (5) on; (6) as; (7) of; (8) In; (9) in; (10) in; (11) had; (12) and; (13) When; (14) how; (15) be

 

Part IV:句型转换

 

将下面句子进行最大程度的合并:

 

1. My aunt, Jennifer, is an actress. She must be at least 35 years old. In spite of this, she often appears on the stage as a young girl.

 

2. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon. This time, she will be a girl of 17.

 

3. In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings. Last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright orange-colored dress.

 

4. When someone ever asked her how old she is, she always answers, ‘Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up!’

 

答案:

 

1. My aunt, Jennifer, is an actress and she must be at least 35 years old, but in spite of this, she often appears on the stage as a young girl.

 

2. Jennifer will have to take part in a new play soon and this time, she will be a girl of 17.

 

3. In the play, she must appear in a bright red dress and long black stockings and last year in another play, she had to wear short socks and a bright orange-colored dress.

 

4. If anyone ever asked her how old she is, she always answers, ‘Darling, it must be terrible to be grown up!’

 

声明:版权归作者所有。若未能找到作者和原始出处,还望谅解,如原作者看到,欢迎联系小编认领,小编会在后续文章声明中标明。如觉侵权,也会在第一时间删除。多谢!